Renting a car in New York? Make sure you understand the state’s rental car insurance laws. Here’s a comprehensive guide to coverage requirements, liability limits, and your options when renting a vehicle in New York.
Overview of New York’s Rental Car Insurance Law
New York law requires rental car companies to provide renters with minimum liability protection. This means if you cause an accident, the rental company’s insurance will cover injuries to others and property damage up to certain limits.
However, renters are fully responsible for any physical damage to the rental vehicle. That’s where your own auto insurance policy or credit card coverage may apply.
Here are some key highlights of New York’s rental car insurance law:
- Rental companies must include minimum liability insurance on all rentals
- Renters can be held fully liable for damage to the rental vehicle
- Personal auto policies typically include rental car coverage
- Renters can buy optional protection from the rental company
- Credit cards may offer rental car coverage
Read on for more details on liability, damage waivers, reimbursement, and how to make sure you have proper coverage when renting a car in New York.
Rental Company Provided Liability Insurance
New York law requires rental car companies to include minimum liability insurance on all rentals. This covers bodily injury and property damage to others when the renter causes an accident.
The minimum liability limits rental companies must provide are:
- $25,000 bodily injury per person
- $50,000 bodily injury per accident
- $10,000 property damage
This state-mandated insurance protects you from major financial risks if you injure someone or damage another vehicle or property in a crash. But it does NOT cover any damage to the rental car itself.
Renter Liability for Damage to Rental Car
Under New York law, the rental company can hold renters fully responsible for any physical damage to the rented vehicle. This includes situations like:
- Collision damage from an accident
- Vandalism or theft
- Interior stains or spills
- Lost accessories like keys, hubcaps, or car seats
Prior to 2003, New York prohibited rental companies from charging renters more than $100 for damage regardless of the actual repair costs. But the law was amended to remove this $100 damage cap.
As a result, renters in New York can now be charged the full amount of repairs if they damage the rental vehicle. Without protection, a major repair bill could cost thousands of dollars.
Rental Car Coverage Under NY Auto Insurance Policies
The good news is many New York auto insurance policies include rental car coverage. This is thanks to a state law requiring insurers to provide rental car coverage under certain conditions.
In particular, rental car coverage must be included on New York auto insurance policies if:
- The policy insures fewer than 5 vehicles
- The vehicles are private passenger cars registered to an individual or married couple
In this case, your own policy acts as primary insurance on the rental car. If you damage the rental, your insurer pays for repairs just as if it were your own vehicle.
Rental car coverage is usually automatic when your New York policy meets the above criteria. Make sure to check your policy declarations or contact your agent to confirm you have this valuable protection.
Optional Protection from the Rental Company
Even if you have rental coverage from your own insurer, New York rental car companies can now offer you “optional vehicle protection” also called a collision damage waiver.
This is essentially a damage waiver you can purchase from the rental company for $9 to $12 per day. It relieves you of financial responsibility if the rental car is damaged or stolen.
Collision damage waivers are optional. You can decline if you already have coverage through your personal policy or credit card.
Credit Card Rental Car Insurance
Many credit cards provide rental car insurance when you use the card to book and pay for the rental. However, the coverage varies widely by issuer.
Be sure to check your credit card benefits guide to see what is covered. There are often exclusions and coverage limits.
For example, a typical credit card might include rental car coverage for physical damage due to:
But there may be a coverage limit of $25,000 to $50,000. Plus you may need to decline the rental company’s collision damage waiver for the credit card coverage to apply.
Steps to Ensure You Have Adequate Rental Car Coverage
Follow these best practices when renting a car in New York to make sure you have sufficient coverage:
Review your auto policy – Check your declarations page or contact your insurer or agent to confirm your policy provides rental car coverage. This is essential protection in New York.
Use a credit card with insurance – Pay with a card that includes rental car coverage as an extra safeguard. But understand any policy limits.
Evaluate the damage waiver – Consider whether to purchase the rental company’s collision damage waiver based on your existing coverage.
Document damages before driving – Note any prior dents, scratches, or other damage on the rental agreement before leaving the lot.
Purchase liability insurance – If you don’t have your own auto insurance, accept the liability coverage option from the rental company. Otherwise you have no protection against injury or property damage claims.
What’s Covered by Rental Car Insurance
Rental car coverage under your own policy or credit card provides protection against damage to the rental vehicle itself. This includes:
- Collision damage from an accident
- Damage from vandalism or theft
- Damage from natural disasters like hail or floods
- Windshield cracks and glass damage
- Damage to tires, wheels, roof, undercarriage, etc.
- Loss of accessories like car seats, GPS, toll passes, etc.
Liability protection is a separate consideration. The rental company’s minimum liability insurance covers injury and property damage claims against the renter/driver. Your own car insurance policy may also extend liability coverage to rental cars.
Reimbursement for Rental Car Expenses
One type of rental car insurance you may have under your own policy has nothing to do with damage to the rental itself.
Many auto insurance policies include “rental reimbursement” or “transportation expense” coverage. This provides reimbursement for costs associated with renting a car if your own vehicle is in the shop after a covered loss.
For instance, if your car is totaled in an accident, rental reimbursement would pay for you to rent a replacement vehicle for a certain timeframe, like 30 days. This coverage only applies if you have comprehensive and collision on your policy.
The key point is rental reimbursement covers the cost of renting a car if needed while your own car is being repaired. It does NOT cover damage to the rental car. Make sure to understand the difference to ensure you have adequate protection.
Exclusions and Limitations
All types of rental car insurance contain exclusions where coverage would not apply. For instance, damage caused by drivers not listed on the rental agreement are often excluded.
And as mentioned above, reimbursement coverage only pays for rental costs, not damage to the rental itself.
Also keep in mind liability insurance (from your own policy or the rental company’s) does not cover damage to the rental car. It only covers injury and property damage claims against the driver who caused the accident.
Be sure to read policy documents and rental agreements closely so you know exactly what is and is not covered.
Rental Car Insurance Tips
Follow these tips and best practices when renting and driving a car in New York:
Avoid renting more car than you need. Sports cars and luxury vehicles often have higher insurance rates.
Decline unnecessary add-ons like prepaid fuel or GPS to save money.
Review the rental agreement and decline duplicative coverage. For example, decline personal accident insurance if you already have disability coverage under your own policy.
Use a major credit card with primary rental car coverage if you have concerns about relying on your own auto policy. Primary coverage pays first before your own insurance.
Take cell phone photos documenting any prior damage before driving off the rental lot.
Take reasonable steps to prevent theft, like parking in well-lit areas and not leaving valuables in plain sight.
What to Do if You Damage the Rental Car
If you damage the rental vehicle:
Take photos of the damage and overall scene if it’s safe to do so.
Report the incident immediately to the rental company. There are often 24-hour toll-free numbers to call.
Notify your insurance company or credit card provider right away if planning to file a claim. There are often short timeframes to report damage.
Obtain a repair estimate from the rental company. Review it for accuracy.
Consider an independent estimate if the rental company’s quote seems excessive.
By following proper procedures in New York, you can rent worry-free knowing you have adequate coverage. Make sure to consult with your insurer or agent if you have any questions about rental car insurance laws and requirements in New York.
Frequently Asked Questions
Below are answers to some common questions about renting and insuring
Should I Buy Additional Insurance From a Rental Car Company?
Do I need car insurance to rent a car in NY?
Who pays for rental car after accident in New York?
Do you need extra insurance when renting a car in USA?
Is it illegal to not have car insurance in New York?