Jumbo Loan Down Payment Requirements 2021

The National Median Home Value from October of the previous year to the present is compared by the Federal Housing Finance Agency, or FHFA. The conforming loan limit will increase if there is an increase. The nominal, seasonally adjusted, expanded-data FHFA HPI showed an increase in house prices of 12 percent. Between the third quarters of 2021 and 2022, the average will be 21%. Consequently, the baseline CLL will rise by the same percentage in 2023. ​.

The 2023 conforming loan limit for a single-family home is $726,200 for the majority of the nation. The high-cost conforming loan limit will rise to $1,089,000 in so-called “high cost” areas where area median home values are higher than 115% of the local median home value. States like California, Florida, Alaska, Hawaii, Colorado, Virginia-DC, and New England are home to the majority of the high-cost areas.

Maximum Baseline Loan Amount for 2023:

Units Most Locations Select High-Cost Locations
1 $726,200 $1,089,300
2 $929,850 $1,394,775
3 $1,123,900 $1,685,850
4 $1,396,800 $2,095,200

Jumbo Loan Defined:

Any loan that is bigger than the conforming loan limit is known as a jumbo loan. The most significant distinction between a conforming loan and a jumbo loan is the interest rate issued for each. Jumbo loans typically have an interest rate that is slightly higher, ranging from 0 to 25% to 0. 50%, depending upon credit and loan to value.

Other differences include down payment requirements. Jumbo loans offer various rate structures for the same program based on credit scores and down payment amounts, similar to conforming loans. For most programs, those who put down at least 20% and have credit scores of 720 or higher will receive the very best rates.

The secondary market is largely to blame for the fact that conforming loans have slightly lower rates than jumbo loans. If a bank or lender approves a conforming loan in accordance with Fannie standards, it is simple to sell the loan to Fannie or even to other lenders.

Lenders sell loans to raise money for fresh applications. Including high-cost areas, Fannie and Freddie together account for about two-thirds of all mortgage loans approved today.

Jumbo Mortgage Qualifying:

Jumbo loan eligibility is very similar to conforming loan eligibility. Lenders will examine copies of a borrower’s most recent pay stubs covering a 60-day period and the previous two years of W2 forms to confirm the borrower’s income and employment.

Two years of federal income tax returns are required for anyone who is self-employed or otherwise receives more than 25% of their gross annual income from sources other than an employer. The lender will compare the self-employment net income year over year when reviewing federal income tax returns, then average those two years to determine a monthly amount.

For instance, a person reported $150,000 in income taxes for one year and $165,000 for the following year. These are the two most recently filed returns. $150,000 + $165,000 = $315,000. $315,000 divided by 24 (months) = $13,125. $13,125 is the amount used for qualifying.

Lenders are wary of any significant decline from one year to the next and prefer to see some consistency from one year to the next. For instance, the income might be $165,000 one year and $150,000 the next Although that is a decrease, a lender would merely view it as a minor adjustment and typical for a business. When the decline is greater than 10–20%, the lender might ask for an explanation and might even reject the application.

Employment is confirmed by speaking with the employer directly and confirming, among other things, the employee’s income, how long they’ve worked there, and the likelihood that they’ll stay employed. Copies of bank and investment statements from these accounts will be required to verify that there are sufficient funds on record for a down payment and closing costs.

Borrowers will need to provide additional funds in liquid or non-liquid accounts totaling 3–12 months of mortgage payments in addition to a down payment and closing costs. The precise amount required for these funds, known as cash reserves, will depend on the loan amount, LTV, etc.

For instance, the principal and interest payment on a jumbo mortgage is $3,342. The total mortgage payment would be $4,392 if you added, for example, $350 per month in insurance and $700 per month in taxes. The borrower will need to provide proof of an additional $13,176 in a liquid or non-liquid account if three months’ worth of cash reserves are needed. Once more, the precise cash reserve needs can change depending on credit scores, loan amounts, and down payments.

Jumbo Down Payment Options:

The better rates are reserved for purchases where the borrowers put down 20% or more because jumbo loan interest rates can be adjusted based on the equity in the transaction. But when purchasing and financing real estate, high-end buyers don’t always like to tie up their funds.

Although the borrowers own the equity in the property, once a down payment is made to finance the property, the equity is no longer regarded as liquid, like money in a checking or savings account. To access the equity in their home, the owners can take out a home equity line of credit, but doing so requires a new HELOC and monthly payments.

Additionally, jumbo buyers might prefer to keep their cash and put down less than 20% or 25%. The money could be kept in an investment portfolio to earn interest and dividends as opposed to a down payment. However, there is a problem: if the down payment is less than 20% of the sales price, PMI, or private mortgage insurance, will be required. The difference between the down payment and 80% of the sales price is covered by PMI, a separate insurance policy.

Typically, monthly installments are made for both the mortgage and PMI policies. By keeping the mortgage at 80% of the home’s value, where PMI is not required, borrowers can avoid PMI for both conforming and jumbo loans.

The good news is that there is another approach that uses two distinct loan amounts, a first and a second mortgage, and avoids a separate private mortgage insurance policy and payment.

For illustration, suppose a property is listed for $1,500,000. The buyers make an offer and the offer is accepted. Their loan officer has been informed that they only want to put down 10% of the purchase price. In this example that’s $150,000 leaving a balance of $1,350,000. They also want to avoid any private mortgage insurance. The loan officer then creates a structure with two loans in it.

In order to avoid PMI, the first mortgage loan is maintained at 80% of the sales price, or $1,200,000. With a second, or subordinate lien financing the remaining $150,000 balance, the monthly payments are lower overall than with a larger loan and PMI.

When the property is sold, the first mortgage lien holder will be paid off first, and the remaining funds will be used to pay off the second loan, which has a balance of $150,000, by default. This jumbo financing option with 10% down is known by lenders as an 80-10-10 loan structure.

With an 80-15-5 loan structure, the same strategy can be applied with a smaller down payment of 5%. Assuming the same property, the first mortgage would remain at $1,200,000, while the second lien would be worth $225,000, or 15% of the sales price, and a down payment of $75,000, or 5%. Jumbo loans with low down payments are only available to borrowers with strong credit and loan histories.

Qualified home buyers have the following Jumbo options available:

  • 95% Jumbo Loans: Loan amounts up to $2,000,000 (depending on location) Min 700 credit score unless the loan amount exceeds $1.5m
  • 90% Jumbo Loans: Loan amounts up to $3,000,000. Min 720 credit score when the loan amount exceeds $2.0mil.
  • Higher loan amounts up to $5m + with a greater down payment of 15-25%
  • Program terms include standard 15 year, 20 year, 30 year fix rate, and adjustable rate 5-1, 7-1, 10-1 terms.
  • Under the Jumbo Purchase Page, prospective homeowners can read more about the requirements for the low-down-payment options.

    VA Jumbo Loan:

    Let’s look at yet another fantastic financing option for Veterans, both present and past. Because they don’t require a down payment and the veteran is prohibited from paying some closing costs, VA loans have always been appealing.

    There really is no better loan than a VA loan for qualified veterans looking for a low-cost mortgage. VA recently removed loan limits so more vets can qualify.

    In the event that a VA High Balance Jumbo Loan defaults, the lender will be compensated at a rate of 25% of the loss. This guarantee is covered by the so-called Funding Fee, which is added to the loan amount.

    VA financing is available for loan amounts up to $4mil. Loan amounts up to $2mil can be 100% financing. Any loan amount over $2mil will require a down payment.

    Jumbo Refinance:

    There are currently a number of refinance programs available for current homeowners as well. Homeowners who want to lower their payments or switch from an adjustable rate to a fixed rate can benefit from these programs.

    For those who have available equity in their home, there are also a lot of cash out programs. More information about each requirement can be found on the Jumbo Refinance page above.


    Today’s market offers jumbo buyers more financing options than it has in a number of years. While it used to be standard practice to require jumbo borrowers to make a down payment of between 20 and 25 percent before being approved However, there are additional options that preserve a buyer’s cash while still offering competitive financing options.

    To review all the most recent options based on your unique situation and preferences, please contact us using the information below. Higher end jumbo buyers can now significantly leverage their purchase thanks to low interest rates and lower down payments.

    *Be aware that low down payments and low jumbo rates necessitate better credit, and not everyone is eligible for these loans. There are several loan structures to consider. To speak with a specialist immediately, call the number above or simply fill out the quick contact form on this page seven days a week.

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    Can you put down 5% on a jumbo loan?

    Does a Jumbo Loan still require a 20% down payment? No longer. As little as 5% down is required to qualify for a jumbo loan. Of course, there are limitations such as credit, income, and loan amount caps, but there are options available, and the rates are extremely competitive.

    Can you put 10% down on a jumbo loan?

    Generally speaking, you can anticipate to put down at least 10% on your jumbo loan. Some lenders might demand a minimum 25% or even 30% down payment. While 20% down is a good benchmark, it’s always best to discuss all of your options with your lender.

    Can you put 3.5 down on a jumbo loan?

    Jumbo financing options have continued to expand in 2022. The resulting increase in financing LTV limits from 95% to 96 5%. This new 3. Jumbo loans with 5% down have a few extra qualifying requirements not present in programs with higher down payments.

    Is jumbo loan before or after down payment?

    Loan Conditions It is possible to obtain a VA jumbo loan without a down payment, but only with a median FICO® score of 640 or higher for a loan up to $1 million. 5 million. You can obtain a mortgage up to $2 million with a 10% down payment if you have a median credit score of 680 or higher.