Tax Implications Of Co Signing A Mortgage

Owning a home is still a possibility even if you have limited resources, bad credit, or even a lot of debt. You have options. For instance, you can apply jointly with someone, whether or not they want to live with you. Having a co-borrower or co-signer can mean the difference between a mortgage being approved or denied.

Find out the risks and details of working with a mortgage co-borrower or co-signer.

As a mortgage loan’s co-signer, you are allowed to deduct any mortgage interest you paid. In other words, you can deduct the interest for any payments you actually made on a mortgage loan you co-signed. You’ll need to itemize your taxes if you’re deducting a portion of the interest.

What is a mortgage co-borrower?

Another name for a co-borrower is a joint applicant or co-applicant. They want to share the burden of purchasing and maintaining a home together. Generally speaking, mortgage co-borrowers are spouses or partners. Even though the term “co-applicant” (i.e., someone you are not married to or in a serious relationship with) is frequently preferred when applying jointly with a relative or friend, Multiple borrowers can result in lower interest rates as well as a larger loan principal.

Does a co-borrower own the home?

Yes. The co-borrower shares in the ownership of the home because they are also liable for mortgage payments.

There is a solution if you want someone to possess property rights but not be held financially responsible for the mortgage. Just make sure they’re listed on the title of the property and not the loan itself.

As a mortgage co-borrower, you:

  • Must be listed on the title
  • Have ownership interest
  • Obligated to pay the monthly payments
  • Sign all loan documents
  • Reasons to use a co-borrower

  • You want to share ownership in a home with your spouse or partner
  • You’re looking to apply using a stronger credit history
  • You can qualify for a larger loan amount
  • You can receive a lower rate
  • Risks of being a mortgage co-borrower

    The co-borrower assumes the same obligations and risks as the primary borrower because they share similar responsibilities. You will incur late fees if your payment is not received on time as a mortgage co-borrower, and you will bear financial responsibility in the event of loan default.

    What is a co-signer?

    When one person applies for a loan but needs assistance, it is likely that they will require a co-signer. A co-signer guarantees repayment of the loan in the same manner as a guarantor. The co-signer does not make payments but agrees to take over loan repayment in the event that the primary borrower defaults. Since students lack the credit history necessary to qualify on their own, co-signers are frequently used for student loans. Yet, co-signing is an option for mortgages, too. Young professionals, those who have recently divorced, and self-employed borrowers use them most frequently.

    As a mortgage co-signer, you:

  • Have no ownership in the property
  • Have income, assets, liabilities, and credit history reviewed during the application process
  • Are listed on the mortgage documents, but not the title
  • Are required to sign loan documents
  • Are liable for repaying the obligation if the primary borrower cannot
  • Reasons to use a co-signer

    You could really benefit from having a mortgage co-signer, even though it may be difficult to ask for assistance. For example:

  • Their income can help you qualify for a mortgage
  • They can contribute to your down payment as long as you make the mandatory minimum down payment requirement for your loan program
  • Risks of being a mortgage co-signer

    Unfortunately, the dangers of being a co-signer frequently outweigh the advantages. For example:

  • It increases your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio
  • Late payments made by the primary borrower will show up on your credit report
  • You may have difficulty obtaining your own financing or credit, as this obligation can be counted as a liability
  • When should I use a co-borrower or co-signer?

    As we previously mentioned, including either one in your application may ultimately enable you to be accepted into a more desirable loan program or even to receive a lower interest rate. Consider a co-borrower if you have someone in mind who is willing to share ownership of the property and help you pay the mortgage. An alternative is to have a co-signer if you want someone to have ownership of your property but do not want to rely on them to pay back the loan.

    What is a non-occupant co-borrower?

    A relative can serve as a non-occupant co-borrower if they want to join you as a partner in homeownership but do not want to reside on the property. Since they are the home’s owners, they bear the same obligations and liabilities for the non-occupant co-borrower as they would for a co-signer, making it essentially a step above co-signer.

    Applying for a loan with a co-signer

    Depending on the type of loan you’re applying for, you may be able to submit an application with a co-signer for a mortgage. On conventional loans and some FHA loans, non-occupant co-borrowers are most frequently seen. USDA loans do not allow non-occupant co-borrowers.

    Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac allow non-occupant co-borrowers. When using a conventional loan, the co-signer is not required to be on the property title but must sign the loan. His or her credit will be checked, and that score, along with the credit of the primary borrower, will be used to determine loan eligibility.

    Program rules are as follows:

  • A minimum FICO score of 620-640 is required*
  • The primary borrower must show a qualified income
  • Both borrowers need to meet lending guidelines set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
  • Non-occupant borrowers may contribute to a portion of the down payment with Freddie Mac’s Home Possible loan.

    The requirements for FHA, VA, conventional loans and USDA loans may change. Non-QM loans may be temporarily unavailable. Because of COVID-19, mortgage investors are unable to support as many loans, which means that underwriting standards for conventional and government loans are tightening.

    Similar co-signer requirements apply to FHA loans as well, with a few additional guidelines. For example:

  • There’s a maximum of using two non-occupying co-borrowers (who live in the U.S.)
  • The property must be a single-family home
  • The non-occupant co-borrower must be a relative (parent, grandparent, child, sibling, aunt/uncle, spouse/domestic partner, or in-laws)
  • If a non-occupant co-borrower is not related to the primary borrower by blood, marriage, or law, then a 25% down payment is required
  • The co-borrower’s name must be on the title
  • Mortgage co-borrowers are eligible for tax benefits through the mortgage interest tax deduction. Co-signers, however, are not qualified for the benefit because they do not own the property;

    If the primary borrower defaults on the loan, taxes may be owed. The lender will require the co-signer to settle the mortgage. This could be difficult because you probably have your own mortgage and other major bills to pay. You might be considering debt forgiveness, which would require reporting to the IRS, appear on your tax returns, and affect your credit report negatively.

    Can a co-borrower be removed from a mortgage?

    It doesn’t have to be long-term, whether you’re looking for a co-borrower or taking on that role yourself. In the future, you can always refinance your house and change the names of the co-signers or co-borrowers on the mortgage and/or title. It comes at a cost, but it is a possibility.

    You should fully comprehend all advantages and risks before deciding whether or not to add a mortgage co-borrower. This choice may have an impact on your relationship, credit report, and financial situation. Always speak with a lender to determine what is best for your financial situation. Let our knowledgeable team assist you in obtaining a unique loan so you can save money.


    Are there any benefits to cosigning a mortgage?

    The benefits of cosigning a mortgage By signing as a cosigner, you are lending your financial support to the loan. By doing this, the borrower may be able to secure loans with significantly better interest rates and terms than they otherwise could.

    What are the disadvantages of cosigning a mortgage?

    Possible disadvantages of cosigning a loan
    • It could limit your borrowing power. Your current debt-to-income ratio is taken into account when deciding whether or not to extend you a loan by potential creditors.
    • It could lower your credit scores. …
    • It could damage your relationship with the borrower.

    What are the consequences of co-signing?

    You have a legal obligation to pay back the loan in full if you co-sign it. Co-signing a loan does not entail giving another person’s character as a reference. When you co-sign, you promise to pay the loan yourself. You run the risk of having to pay back any missed payments right away.

    Is co-signing a loan considered a gift?

    If the child covers all expenses, it is a gift to the parents for the amount corresponding to their ownership percentage because they are no longer responsible for making the mortgage payment for that month.